常见词汇
动词

 导致、造成：cause, lead to, result in, contribute to, impact, is governed by
 Slow propagation speed causes nonnegligible Doppler effect in a mobile UWAN as discussed in Section IIIA4, resulting in considerable frequency shifting and motioninduced distortion [27], which may contribute to dynamics of channel quality.
 Another factor impacting UWA channel quality is plentiful underwater noises, which mainly includes…
 The total multipath spread is governed by the longest path delay, which is on the order of tens of ms, a value that is typically observed in experiments.
 导致、造成：cause, lead to, result in, contribute to, impact, is governed by
 促进：facilitate
 Underwater Acoustic Networks (UANs) are an emerging technology that are being used to facilitate new aquatic applications in our water world.
 支持：support
 A homogeneous AUVenabled information collection system cannot support timely and reliable information collection considering the timevarying underwater environment as well as AUV’s energy and mobility constraints.
 利用、使用：utilize
 Moreover, the limited service M/G/1 vacation queueing model is utilized to model the process of information exchange.
 依靠：rely on
 Relying on frameworks that have already been validated in production applications shortens development time, reduces cost, and increases product quality.（使用已在产品应用中经过验证的框架可以缩短开发时间，降低成本，并且提高产品质量。）
 关注：be concerned about
 构思，构想：conceive
 The reinforcement learning algorithm was conceived by Wang for guiding multiple AUVs information collection task in the context of a constrained continuous space.
 实践；履行；满足；使应验：fulfill
 The workers knocked themselves out to fulfil their production quota ahead of time.
形容词
 可完成的、可实现的：achievable
 不可忽视的：nonnegligible
 兴起的：emerging
 及时的：timely
 可靠的：reliable
 时变的：timevarying
 不可忽视的：nonnegligible
副词
 天生地：inherently
 Because propagation is best supported at low frequencies, acoustic communication systems are inherently
 代表性地，表示常见地：typically
 A value that is typically observed in experiments.
短语
 大约：be on the order of
 In the example shown, this frequency is on the order of 50 kHz.
 大规模部署：extremely largescale
 在…背景下：in the context of
 The reinforcement learning algorithm was conceived by Wang for guiding multiple AUVs information collection task in the context of a constrained continuous space.
 由于：for the sake of
 For example, Chang et al. derived a regressionbased analytical model for the sake of estimating the contention success probability considering heterogeneous sensortraffic demands.
连词
 And 替换为 as well as
专有名词
 多普勒频移：NonNegligible Doppler Distortion
 In UWANs, α = 2 × 10−3 for an underwater vehicle moving at v=3 m/s, leading to a distortion contributing to the dynamics of channel state, which requires frequency synchronization for efficient reception.
 频率相关衰落统计：frequencydependent fading statistics
 时变时延：timevarying delays
 频率波动率：frequencydependent fluctuation rates
 传播：spread, propagation
常见句式
Abstract
 句首：
 Frequently, autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) must operate in turbulent ocean environments with complex spatiotemporal variability.
 解决问题：address … problems
 Mixed integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) techniques are increasingly used to address challenging problems in robotics, especially multivehicle motion planning (MVMP).
Introduction（介绍别人工作全用一般过去式）
 进一步说明：To elaborate a little further
 To elaborate a little further, Yan et al. presented an energyefficient information collection scheme relying on a single AUV for IoUT and designed a dynamic valuebased trajectory strategy for the AUV considered.
System Model
 两个变量之间关系，比较，控制变量：versus
 Achievable acoustic channel data rates versus communication distances as follows: about 100 kbit/s for short ranges ≤ 1km, 10 ∼ 50 kbit/s for medium ranges 1 ∼ 10 km, and 10 kbit/s at 20 km.
 表示数据的波动，时变的数据：shows oscillations of the
 A measurement of a 3000mlong link in a 100mdeep water column shows oscillations of the aver age signaltonoise ratio (SNR) of a channel equalizer about 9 ∼7 dB within about 0.5 minute, and about 9 ∼ 3.5dB within less than 1.5 minutes [36].
 信号叠加、畸变：superimpose, deform
 These signals superimpose on each other and deform the signal in amplitude and phase.
 考虑到多种因素影响（万金油）
 The way in which these facts influence the design of signal processing methods is considered for singlecarrier and multicarrier systems.
 Multipath formation in the ocean is governed by two effects: sound reflection at the surface, bottom and any objects, and sound refraction in the water.
 引出变量
 To put … in perspective, let us denote by A_t …, with t=0 corresponding to …
 To put a channel model in perspective, let us denote by the length of the pth propagation path, with p = 0 corresponding to the first arrival (which is not necessarily the strongest).
 To put … in perspective, let us denote by A_t …, with t=0 corresponding to …
 Benchmark algorithm:
句首
 Channel quality is the basis for reliable communication, and affected by signal reception performance that can be improved by channel modelling against noise and interference.
 The following features characterize UWA channels as summarized in the literature, and many examples are illustrated by measurements conducted in [4]
仿真环境设置
 传感器节点布置：
 To gain insight into the multipath effects, let us look at an example of a system with transmitter and receiver placed near the bottom at a depth of 75 m and separated by 3 km.